The sphenoid, the occiput and the petrous portion of the temporal bones are modified vertebrae joined by a modified intervertebral disc structure in a synchondrosis…there re-mains some mobility of the sphenobasilar.2 The sphenoid/sphenobasilar subluxation If the sphenoid is subluxated, it can greatly impact physical and mental health. Observational studies of newborns, children, and adults were included if there was information on the occurrence of cranial strain patterns related to the SBS in individuals with impaired health states and a healthy control group. The study landscape of this review highlights the scarcity of, poor reporting on, and unclear methodologic quality of research on SBS strain patterns in disease and health. The sphenobasilar synchondrosis (SBS; also, sphenobasilar synostosis or sphenooccipital synchondrosis) plays a major role in the concept of osteopathic cranial manipulative medicine (OCMM) and craniosacral therapy. Development Unable to process the form. The study landscape of this review highlights the scarcity of, poor reporting on, and unclear methodologic quality of research on SBS strain patterns in disease and health. The spheno-occipital synchondrosis is a cartilaginous joint that lies between the body of the sphenoid bone anteriorly and the basilar part of the occipital bone posteriorly. 188 (2): 329-38. Sphenooccipital (Basilar Suture) Type of joint in which bands of hyaline cartilage unite bones. The synchondroses between the basilar and the lateral parts of the occipital component usually close very early, at between one and four years. In contrast, different SBS strain patterns were observed between newborns with a range of health impairments, such as jaundice and respiratory and nervous symptoms, and children with learning disabilities compared with their healthy counterparts. Acad. A literature review of electronic databases and hand-search of publication bibliographies was performed. The spheno-occipital synchondrosis is the joint between the basal portions of the sphenoid and occipital bones in that portion of the skull base usually designated as the clivus. The sample includes 162 modern individuals aged 5–25 years. Occiput rotates about a transverse axis superior to foramen magnum. sphenobasilar synchondrosis (SBS) as a primarily compressive–decompressive joint. The sphenobasilar junction, also known as the sphenobasilar synchondrosis (or symphysis a.k.a. Skull Base Fractures and Their Complications 441. Conclusion: The primary physiologic motion is between the articulation of the sphenoid and the occiput called the sphenobasilar synchondrosis. Review of Cranial Bone Motion - Occiput. Background: The sphenobasilar synchondrosis (SBS; also, sphenobasilar synostosis or sphenooccipital synchondrosis) plays a major role in the concept of osteopathic cranial manipulative medicine (OCMM) and craniosacral therapy. It involves a traumatic lesion in which the movements of the occiput and sphenoid are clearly limited. When fused, the synchondrosis is often called the spheno-occipital suture - this is a misnomer - as anatomically it is not a suture. Please sign in using your Osteopathic.org login. Three articles were included in this review, including 1 prospective and 2 retrospective studies. The articulation is similar to the cartilaginous junction between the epiphyses and metaphyses of long bones. It can be caused by a fall on the buttocks or a hit on the occiput, glabella, or nasion. between the sphenoid and occipital bones is complete at between 11 and 18 years.4 Until complete, the joint is a synchondrosis. It … Three articles were included in this review, including 1 prospective and 2 retrospective studies. With each breath we take, the nasal conchae fill up with air, which applies pressure on the anterior portion of the sphenoid bone and the sphenoidal sinus where it contacts the basilar portion of the occiput bone. Sphenoid sinus and sphenoid bone fractures in patients with craniomaxillofacial trauma. Venous Sinus Thrombosis in Blunt Trauma: Incidence and Risk Factors 104,No. Gustilo Anderson classification (compound fracture), longitudinal versus transverse petrous temporal bone fracture, naso-orbitoethmoid (NOE) complex fracture, cervical spine fracture classification systems, AO classification of upper cervical injuries, Roy-Camille classification (odontoid process fracture ), subaxial cervical spine injury classification (SLIC), thoracolumbar spinal fracture classification systems, AO classification of thoracolumbar injuries, thoracolumbar injury classification and severity score (TLICS), Rockwood classification (acromioclavicular joint injury), Neer classification (proximal humeral fracture), AO classification (proximal humeral fracture), Milch classification (lateral humeral condyle fracture), Weiss classification (lateral humeral condyle fracture), Bado classification of Monteggia fracture-dislocations (radius-ulna), Mason classification (radial head fracture), Frykman classification (distal radial fracture), Hintermann classification (gamekeeper's thumb), Eaton classification (volar plate avulsion injury), Keifhaber-Stern classification (volar plate avulsion injury), Judet and Letournel classification (acetabular fracture), Harris classification (acetebular fracture), Young and Burgess classification of pelvic ring fractures, Pipkin classification (femoral head fracture), American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons classification (periprosthetic hip fracture), Cooke and Newman classification (periprosthetic hip fracture), Johansson classification (periprosthetic hip fracture), Vancouver classification (periprosthetic hip fracture), Winquist classification (femoral shaft fracture), Schatzker classification (tibial plateau fracture), Lauge-Hansen classification (ankle injury), Danis-Weber classification (ankle fracture), Berndt and Harty classification (osteochondral lesions of the talus), Sanders CT classification (calcaneal fracture), Hawkins classification (talar neck fracture), anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS) avulsion, anterior cruciate ligament avulsion fracture, posterior cruciate ligament avulsion fracture, avulsion fracture of the proximal 5th metatarsal, impact: lateral in the region of the temple, extending from the squamous temporal bone, through the base of the anterior clinoid processes anterior to the pituitary fossa, continuing laterally along the contralateral sphenotemporal buttress +/- into squamous temporal bone, may extend inferiorly to involve the pterygoid processes, impact:  lateral frontal/anterior malar eminence, extending from lateral frontal/lateral orbital roof, through or adjacent to the contralateral carotid canal into, often associated with maxillary sinus fractures and lateral orbital wall, impact: posterolateral in the mastoid region, 1. The spheno-occipital synchondrosis (also known as the basiocciput synchondrosis) is the synchondrosis between the basisphenoid and basiocciput bones, which together when joined form the clivus. Liem T. The Role of Sphenobasilar Synchondrosis in Disease and Health. In adults with Parkinson disease, no significant difference in SBS strain patterns between the Parkinson disease group and the age-matched healthy control group were seen. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências Print version ISSN 0001-3765On-line version ISSN 1678-2690 An. To date, it is unclear whether specific SBS lesion patterns are present in altered health states and disease and how they compare with healthy controls. 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