Percy Garner’s son, Sam Garner, ran for the school board and for a state Legislature seat against Buddy Temple and lost both races. The change was implemented swiftly and peacefully. Both trees and the past surround life in deep East Texas, where lumber is king and the Civil War was yesterday. Map of Petrified Forest National Park. They cited deficiencies such as inadequate lighting, science laboratories without equipment, large holes in walls, non-vented heaters, loose-hanging tiles, rotting doors, and no organized instruction of art, music, and physical education at the elementary school. It is unlikely, however, that leadership—white or black—will mobilize this voting force. “She’s been dead for 24 years, but I still go back every summer. Otherwise, try again or reset your password. Four-fifths of the county is timbered, and 70,000 acres are in national forests. Country: United States of America Buy United States of America flags at Flagstore.com! The timber business is so pervasive it turns up in the unlikeliest places. There is a rich beauty in the sheer lushness of it, ferns poking from thatches of pine needles covering the red dirt floor of the forest, an infinity of trees marching like ghosts up and down the rolling hills. We also had to leave a path of timber for the woodpecker to fly over to get to the 60,000 board feet of valuable timber. Dallas and Petrified Forest National Park are 13 hours 19 mins far apart, if you drive non-stop . The elder statesman of the medical community, Dr. N. T. Bennett, 77, school board president and with 2974 acres, the county’s largest individual landowner, has his black patients come in a front-but-separate door and wait in another room. Petrified Forest National Park is a very unique place. “They were drunk and cursed the nurse, saying they wanted treatment right then, that they were going to sit with the white folks in front,” Haley said. There is no reason at this point to believe the change will occur, that the blacks of San Augustine will ever be anything more than outcasts. The best of all logs, the cream, goes into veneer logs, which are made into plywood. Lon L. Garner is on the city council. Macon and Smith remained good friends until the 1972 sheriff’s race when Smith Ramsey’s secretary’s husband, county game warden Sherman Bales, decided to run for sheriff. We were able to stay at a gift shop just outside the entrance to the park which was great because it was so close and had power for us! During the years of the Republic, it became the self-styled “Athens of Texas,” when it boasted two universities and was the home of some of the state’s finest jurists and lawyers. He is the only doctor in the county who delivers babies. The Jones crew will bring a load to John Junior’s yard at noon and another after dusk. The Petrified Forest, in Calistoga, California is home to one … On the walls were a tiger painted on black velvet and mirrors holding a score of family pictures. People try to blame the school building as the reason the children can’t read or write or multiply. San Augustine Drug splits the afternoon coffee trade with the town’s only motel, the Best Western on the western edge of town. 2113 Petrified Forest Dr , Austin, TX 78747-2671 is currently not for sale. We immunized 3223 children between 1972 and 1976, saw 880 new patients in the four years we were in the county, saw 443 patients in 1975 regarding venereal disease. On September 1, 1976, HEW representatives visited the Haley office, interviewed three of the doctor’s patients, and concluded that Dr. Curtis R. Haley maintained segregated waiting rooms and was in noncompliance with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act. His first wife left Elmer after fourteen years of marriage, but he and Audrey Lee, his second wife, celebrated their fourteenth anniversary in February. With resources like those, the school district should have been able to afford at least a mediocre program. furniture + fabrication + design Petrified Design is an Austin, Texas based company focusing on furniture, fabrication and residential and commercial projects. Those poor people with only fifty acres or so couldn’t pay those high taxes. Finally, a portion of the roof collapsed, luckily injuring no one. Macon Strother’s candidate was John Hoyt, a former Texas Ranger and district supervisor for the then Liquor Control Board, now the Alcoholic Beverage Commission. There are always deer to kill, no matter the season; rabbits, either cottontail or swamp rabbits, the latter used for chili; and blackbirds to fry with dumplings. There is poor education. The town of San Augustine is economically stagnant. Meanwhile, the state of Texas got back into the act. Most pine is converted into lumber and plywood. We have had no controversy like this in any other county that I know of.” Crowder was somewhat bewildered. When I looked up, I could see the same amount of sky as a New Yorker standing in midtown Manhattan. It also has the largest petrified trees in the world. Don’t call a white woman by her first name without a “Miz.” Don’t expect to visit the nicer homes in town unless you’re the maid or yardman. Despite this earlier rape of the landscape, the East Texas Piney Woods have come back, but as second-growth forests without the centuries-old longleaf virgin timber. Elmer and his family live in a three-room house down a narrow backwoods red-dirt road. The distinction between woods leads to a much more important distinction in the timber business. Like his father before him, he works in an office by the Santa Fe Railroad tracks. Petrified Forest was set aside as a national monument in 1906 to preserve and protect the petrified wood for its scientific value. Twenty-six years ago they made six dollars each for three loads, eighteen dollars taken home for the daily work of three men. (still a pulpwood hauler), and his father also worked as a pulpwood crew. When the new property tax bills went out in September 1947, the total tax rolls shot from $10.7 million to more than $64 million, the largest increase coming from pasture- and timberland. Elmer hopes to get some help from social security or from an old employer he worked for off and on for 23 years, a timberman in San Augustine named Hal Land. Not like these younger ones who say, ‘You pay me so much or I don’t work.’ Those kind that make a lot of money playing football and if they don’t’ make it, get addicted to drugs. They don’t have much leisure time, but occasionally a few couples get their fishing gear and spend a long, lazy Sunday down at Sam Rayburn—just a pole in the lake and some fried chicken to eat with friends. The youngest doctor in San Augustine is Curtis Haley, 51, and he was the man I picked to cure an ear infection. But in similar counties in Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia, the black majority has organized, so it could happen here. The easiest way to get to the Petrified Forest is to head west of Medora on Interstate 94 for one mile and take Exit 23. He had pulled 31 victims out of the lake and knew, according to the water temperature, how long bodies stayed under. There are new exhibits that bring the stories to life. Most pulpwood haulers average $250 to $300 the weeks they work, but not many own their own truck, saws, and homes like Vonnie Ray and Vonnie Roy. Visitors may enter at one end of the park and exit at the other. In November, the board had to return a new school bus because they could not afford its $15,000 price tag. One day the Big Red loader man got the flu and logs needed stacking. Green-and-brown vertical walls stretched along each side of Highway 7, the two-lane road that cuts through the Davy Crockett National Forest. The Petrified Forest Both trees and the past surround life in deep East Texas, where lumber is king and the Civil War was yesterday. Of course, you have to do physical exams, blood tests. Another record shows that a slave boy of twelve was equal in value to 237 acres, five head of cattle, four horses, three bales of cotton, some furniture, farming tools, and a rifle. After settling on a price, the company man will come to John Junior to arrange getting the timber cut and place on the railroads. Hidalgo County, for example, received more than $34 million during the last fiscal year, while San Augustine, even though it is comparably poor received only 1.6 million. We report on vital issues from politics to education and are the indispensable authority on the Texas scene, covering everything from music to cultural events with insightful recommendations. Cutting and hauling pulpwood requires a muscular back, one bobtail truck, a chain saw, and a friend. In the winter they didn’t emerge for 35 to 40 days. While the park has all the wonders known for a century, there are many new adventures and discoveries to share. It was as if they were saying they didn’t want anyone else to move there. “They should rise, yes, but on their own side of the fence,” said a character in Flannery O’Conner’s short story ironically entitled, “Everything that Rises Must Converge.” But besides the stores, and only since 1970, the schools, where is the point of convergence? His yellow, blackwalled Ford LTD is as permanent a fixture outside the courthouse as the statue of former Governor James Pinckney Henderson, which forever stares north into Mathew’s Dry Goods Store. No one has clothes made from flour sacks anymore, but some of the kids have never attended school and still eat bacon-and-egg sandwiches, biscuits poured full of syrup, and squirrel. The high school was singled out as being dangerous, inadequate, and run-down. He is also the husband of the town’s mayor, Alvis Juniel. Now, come on by Saturday afternoon and I’ll show you my crews.”. Maurice and his wife, Vera, who works at the big Temple-Eastex plant down at Pineland, are getting by. The race relations are the same. Light blue and blood red were the most prominent. Poor and isolated, deep East Texas carries the special burden of the South, the burden of conflict between black and white, rich and poor, passed down through generations. Love, it seems, does not go so far as practicality. Everybody raises a little corn, not for the dinner table as much as for meal and for feeding hogs. The infant mortality rate is 49.2 per 1000 births, compared to 20 in Texas and 19.2 across the United States. Bum Steer Awards, 2021: The COVID Nineteen, The Best Things in Texas, 2021: H-E-B’s Charles Butt, The Best Things in Texas, 2021: Matthew McConaughey’s ‘Greenlights’, The Best Things in Texas, 2021: Lina Hidalgo and Chris Hollins, Texas Wedding Photographers Have Seen Some $#!+. Even as the firm was winning their case in U.S. District Court, a “fair taxes” slate defeated the school board candidates who favored the new, higher valuations. Find Home Property Records near Petrified Forest Dr, Austin TX on realtor.com®. A cord of wood measures four feet by four feet by eight feet, and in hardwood, weighs about 5600 pounds. They are men of property. Still, Strother got along well with Smith Ramsey. Temple’s descendants also own the largest share of Time, Incorporated, and travel regularly from Diboll to New York to determine policy at the board meetings of one of America’s media giants. In August 1975, Raymond Vowell, the state commissioner for Public Welfare, wrote HEW stating that since the federal court had ruled in the Polk-Haley case that Dr. Haley did not maintain separate waiting facilities, the state was obliged to abide by the court’s decision. Baker was fired from his position as manger of the local Brookshire Brothers supermarket. Nobody else can joke the sheriff like Judge Parks. For anyone not born in the forest, a love for deep East Texas is, like the craving for cane syrup, an acquired taste. The HEW [U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare] representatives came down and said it was segregated and that they were going to cut off the Medicaid and so forth, and I said go right ahead, I could care less.”. If you want to stay over here and make a good superintendent and learn to like the town, then let’s compromise. 2205 Petrified Forest DR is a rental property located in Austin, TX. One family, Percy Garner and his sons, who own Garner Funeral Home, is moderately well off, but the rest work at low-paying jobs, trying to ignore the undercurrents of Negrophobia as best they can; they are getting by. Judge Justice’s ban is the latest development in a growing battle between timber corporations and environmentalists, which boils down to a battle between the companies and people in the Piney Woods who depend on trees for a livelihood and the conservationists, mainly nonresidents, who believe in the right of some wildernesses to survive man’s voracious onslaught. Hardwood is virtually everything else—oak, ash, hickory, elm, beech. Beginning in 1875, railroads opened up the East Texas forests to enterprising timbermen eager to work the last huge stands of virgin pine east of the Rockies. Integration is all right if you give them freedom of choice. A consistent hard worker is rare in the timber business. Learn more about the BARK Ranger program and other pet related information. The 1,609 sq. Let them go to the white school if they want to. I never got used to it. The county’s outstanding virtue seems to be endurance. The valuable timberland and pastureland in the district was listed on the tax rolls for ridiculously low amounts. Maurice was born 41 years ago in the Norwood community in mid-county, where his grandfather, John “Two-Hoss” Jones, had moved looking for better farmland. He grew up in west San Augustine County near the Attoyac Bayou. Death and old age will change some of San Augustine’s ways. The Texas Education Agency, in its “Official Compilation of School District Market Value Data,” claimed last year that the district had property worth $79 million. The elder McClure’s CAP program administers outreach programs and two hot-lunch programs for the elderly in San Augustine (one for blacks in the old American Legion building; another for an integrated group in the city’s Cedar Crest Public Housing Development). There was no air conditioning in any of the schools. Fifty per cent of the county’s 2800 blacks live within the town limits; most of the poor whites live in rural areas. John Junior does the same today. Well, he’s-gone and we won the suit and we got a new board that operates on the East Texas basis. Richard Carl Davis is the younger, fiery one who lost one eye in a gun battle alongside the sheriff. Since the amount of state aid a school district receives is based on a complicated formula that uses the value of the district’s property, the controversy over what San Augustine’s property was really worth was crucial. Nobody else, however, has an extraordinary one-armed man like Maurice Jones. The trees ceases to resist and cracks along the cut, then—very slowly—it begins its swooshing fall to the ground. Between 1880 and 1905, eighteen million acres of pine timber were cut down. Inside the house, Audrey Lee worked to finish her chores before leaving for the hospital. The complaint was forwarded to the Texas Department of Public Welfare. Ramsey has prospered. His investigation concluded this was not a segregated office. Elmer thought he wanted help turning a squirrel. 86028. From dirt to display, Petrified Forest is a world class site for paleontology and other sciences in the field. The optimistic say the two huge new lakes not far away, Sam Rayburn and Toledo Bend, will bring money and new residents to the county. For poor whites and blacks times are better than they were during the Depression. One morning after a grapefruit highball and a back-table chat with Sam Malone, the Rambler’s editor, George and I rode south the mile or so to his small office, which is dwarfed amid stacks of newly cut lumber, piles of huge logs, the mill itself, and an ancient crane that helped dig the Panama Canal. “It’s not just the racism and distrust of the blacks here in San Augustine, you see, but their lack of education,” McClure continued. There is one large sawmill and several smaller “peckerwood” or “groundhog” mills. Almost half the adult population has never been to high school. T. L. L. Temple bought 7000 acres in Angelina County from J.C. Diboll in 1893, built a complete timber manufacturing plant—sawmills, dry kilns, warehouses, planers—and schools, general stores, and churches in his company town of Diboll. From the beginning San Augustinians thought big. Good timbermen can look at a stand of trees and divide it immediately into sawlogs, pulpwood, and veneer logs. As a kid he hauled pulpwood, then joined the Navy, and later came back to San Augustine. Click the image to view a full size JPG (650 kb) or download the PDF (4.8 mb). Yes, the county is poor, McClure agrees, so poor that they were able to get a reduction in nonfederal sharing funds. Enter your email below to send a password reset email. But here the memory of violence and the potential for it seem real and immediate, no matter how lazy the day or slow the pace. Nathan Tindall stands a foot shorter than most small-town sheriffs, but still has the obligatory ample paunch spilling over his belt buckle like over-leavened bread. All 35 counties in Region Seven have these programs except San Augustine and nearby Sabine County, which was close and unpopulated enough to benefit from San Augustine’s programs. Blacks operate three service stations and own two washaterias, a few barbecue stands, two funeral homes, an ambulance service (until last year, the only one), a fried chicken take-out business, and one liquor store (there is one white owned liquor store down the road—the rest of the county is dry). The younger man lost a race for county attorney. They found San Augustine different, all right. Let’s raise the taxes gradually. Despite his grandfather working like “two hosses” and his daddy working and all the boys planting cotton and corn and olive-brown field peas and potatoes and watermelon, all of them taking care of a few hogs and coffee-and-gravy cows (“they give just enough milk for coffee and a little gravy”), when the crops were sold they still were always in debt. For their labors—they work every day except Sunday—they will gross about $760 each week, less a $40 gas bill, $15 saw maintenance, $25 truck care, and other costs, making their take-home pay about $340 each. “Naw, I might miss something.” Isn’t he curious about those things, I wanted to know? They have represented the town’s two banks and the savings and loan. So he keeps the kids and works on the bass boat battery as Audrey leaves for work. Petrified Forest National Park is the most revered and absolutely exceptional locality for observing petrified wood completely exposed on the surface in a large variety. The stories you want, in one weekly newsletter. There is no doubt, said the judge, that the “Official Compilation” does not include intangible wealth in its figures and that “rural districts are forced to raise a larger proportion of school operating costs than is required of urban districts. I heard however, that you don’t want to make Willie Dade mad. Those of the Bryan's region are more recent and date of the Cenozoïc, Eocene, Claiborne formation, as those of Hoegaarden (Thanetian, Paleocene). An acre with a thousand board feet (determined by measuring the number and height of trees) goes for about $80 to $150. Maurice is the third generation of his family in San Augustine County. The only day of work he’s missed these 31 years was when his father died. There are backcountry hikes into areas never open before such … On the west and north sides of town are the black communities of Sunset Hills and Rocky. In 1972, school immunization programs and crippled-children’s programs were begun. Toward Natchitoches, Louisiana, just to the east, was a no-man’s-land, a vast belt ruled by smugglers and fugitives. Jay Mark attends school in San Augustine, has a pet rooster named Bruce, a mean yellow dog, a dove he has kept alive for two years, and a raccoon named Tubby, who sits caged in his parents’ impossibly littered front yard, surrounded by tires , an oxygen cylinder, dog cages, ducks, a battery for the bass boat, bottles, washtubs, a yellow plastic swing, tin cans, a supermarket shopping cart, tools, stacked wood, a clothesline, broken windows, auto parts, bicycle wheels, an old washbasin, dogs, nanny goats, cats, chickens flapping in dung-laden dirt, bent wire, torn ropes, and hundreds of no longer useful things that will never be thrown away. Arizona Rock Offers Clues to the Chaotic Earth of 200 Million Years Ago AUSTIN, Texas — A rock core from Petrified Forest National Park in Arizona has given scientists a powerful new tool to understand how catastrophic events shaped Earth’s ecosystems before the rise of the dinosaurs. Most people in San Augustine are involved in cutting that timber down. These programs were funded with state and federal tax dollars and cost the county nothing. The Petrified Forest is a petrified forest located in Sonoma County, California, in the United States.It is the only petrified forest in California from the Pliocene. It is virtually a pioneer’s life. Sixty-four per cent live in poverty. By 1908, he had the rights to 1.15 billion board feet of standing pine on 209,313 East Texas acres. Elmer won’t say why. In the corner was a television set. Most timber cut in Texas is some sort of pine, which is called softwood. Fifty truckloads of logs come out of the forest every working day of the year. Together, they paid only 15.5 per cent of the taxes. The surroundings are for the most part empty grasslands, and the closest town is Holbrook, 26 miles to the west. “That’s squirrel,” said Audrey Lee, smiling for the first time since I arrived. A hog or two is slaughtered in the late fall, maybe a cow if times are good, and the meat is covered with sweet gum leaves to keep the flies away. It was not always so. But nothing seems to have changed in spite of it. Much of this flowering culture and economy was cut short by the Regulator-Moderator War of 1839-1844, an arcane feud that so tore apart the region that farmers couldn’t get their goods to marker. In October 1947, Debra Polk, one of the women involved in the Haley fight, filed a complaint with the HEW’s Office of Civil Rights in Dallas, alleging that Haley maintained segregated waiting rooms. Wasn’t it simply a case of the doctors losing a little money from patients who would normally come to them for these services? After staying overnight and hanging a piece of kitchen equipment from a tree as a testimony of ownership and intent, single men could apply for 80 acres; married men, 160. Judge is a black pulpwood hauler who has worked for the sheriff since 1947. he says the sheriff might steal the courthouse, but if you need it, he’ll bring it right back. Those were the days when a few deep East Texas communities shut the sawmill down at noon on Saturdays so folks could take their corn and mash to the community still to make community whiskey. “Last July Judge William Wayne Justice up there in Tyler extended indefinitely his ban on clear-cutting timber in the four national forests,” George said, not laughing. The ensuing battle over the valuation of property in San Augustine County gave the school board, most of whom no longer serve, a good lesson in how power works in San Augustine County. Ash is the best for long tool handles, boat oars, and sports equipment such as polo and hockey sticks and baseball bats. On September 15, 1842, Aran Roberts mortgaged to Abner Partners one Negro girl aged fifteen, named Sarah, for ten barrels of whiskey. She held her favorite pet, a mangy dog named Creature. To be poor in San Augustine is truly to be poor. The old Nigras are the best, like the maid who works for me right now, a fine religious person. On December 4, 1976, Dr. Haley sent a letter to Dr. Marietta Crowder, director of the East Texas Public Health Region Seven, requesting the clinic be removed from the county. His grandfather was a slave who settled in the Preemption community, a special spot in the history of San Augustine’s blacks. The other 4000 property owners in the district, who own 68 per cent of the land, paid almost 85 per cent of the taxes. It has to do with jobs and color of skin. But if we put two crabs in the basket, they both would stay because cause just as one would reach the top to climb outside, the other would drag him back.” McClure’s wife, Mayme, has been the system’s nurse for 23 years. Last August, Federal Judge Jack Roberts denied San Augustine’s request to stop the state’s disbursement of school aid money, but the said the East Texans had a “substantial probability” of success in a trial based on the merits of the case. We will be closed Dec. 25, 2020.Did you know that Petrified Forest is perfect for exploration and discovery? It is like seeing a slide made for a stereopticon, a forty-year old fading sepia photograph, and if one had the hawk’s high synoptic view of mid-San Augustine County, one would see similar pictures, other homes like Elmer and Audrey Lee’s walled in by the forest. Augustine Methodist Church, built in 1839, was the first time since I arrived been one constant, industry... Was bringing home a load back in 1969 when he met an bobtail... Will change some of the county courthouse on the Turkey Creek Bridge as pulpwood Marker is in,... 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