The New York Times Archives. [22] Byng also journeyed with his class to see the battlefields of the Franco-Prussian War at Alsace-Lorraine and accompanied to the United States one of his lecturers who was compiling information on a book on Stonewall Jackson. File; ... Canadian National Railways. As a result, Canada was left temporarily without a Prime Minister and government until the Governor General invited Arthur Meighen to form a government. The school opened in 1925 and was named in honour of The Lord Byng of Vimy, a hero of Vimy Ridge as well as the Gallipoli Campaign, who was la The couple became Lord and Lady Byng of Vimy in 1919, when Byng was honoured for his leadership at the Battle of Vimy Ridge. King, the Liberal leader and prime minister of the previous Parliament, declined to turn power over to the Conservatives but instead met with the House of Commonsto let Parliament decide who should govern, as was his right. Lord Byng established the Governor General's Cup at the Royal Agricultural Winter Fair, and Lady Byng created a rock garden at Rideau Hall, which still delights visitors today. The couple had been serving in … Lord Byng had studied at Eton, and then began a military career in which he saw service in India and in South Africa during the war of 1899 - 1900. Field Marshal Julian Hedworth George Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, GCB GCMG MVO (11 September 1862 – 6 June 1935) was a British Army officer who served as Governor General of Canada, the 12th since Canadian Confederation.. Other notes: Thirty-eight years before his appointment as governor general, Vanier lived on the grounds of Rideau Hall after he was appointed as an aide to then Gov. Lord Byng Elementary School in the Steveston neighbourhood of Richmond, British Columbia, is an elementary school named after The Lord Byng of Vimy, the Governor General of Canada from 1921 to 1926. In the 1925 election, the Conservative party won the most seats, but not a majority. [50] Further, Byng was in his own right elevated on 7 October 1919 to the peerage as Baron Byng of Vimy, of Thorpe-le-Soken in the County of Essex. [38] After appointment as a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in 1906, he was again back in Aldershot, in command of the 1st Cavalry Brigade. Gen. Lord Byng. [19] A year before Byng entered the college, Albert Victor fell victim to the influenza pandemic that raged around the world, and, at the Prince's funeral on 20 January 1892, Byng commanded the pallbearers (all from the 10th Royal Hussars),[20] which was a significant display of trust shown Byng by the Prince of Wales.[21]. The new House, largely due to the support of the Progressives, backed the minority Liberal government. For this, he was on 1 January 1916 elevated within the Order of the Bath to the rank of Knight Commander,[45] but was not allowed much rest, as he spent the next month commanding the Suez Canal defences before returning to the Western Front to lead the XVII Corps. Lord Byng Secondary School is a public secondary school located in the West Point Grey neighbourhood on the west side of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The King–Byng affair was a Canadian constitutional crisis that occurred in 1926, when the Governor General of Canada, the Lord Byng of Vimy, refused a request by his prime minister, William Lyon Mackenzie King, to dissolve parliament and call a general election.. The school opened in 1925 and was named in honour of The Lord Byng of Vimy, a hero of Vimy Ridge as well as the Gallipoli Campaign, who was la In the summer of 1926 he denied the recommendation of his prime minister, William Lyon Mackenzie King, who sought to have parliament dissolved in order to avoid a vote of non-confidence in his government. The most notable issue during Lord Byng's term of office was the "King-Byng Affair" - a political crisis that arose between the Governor General and Prime Minister Mackenzie King. Byng’s appointment was far more popular with the Canadian public than that of his predecessor, the Duke of Devonshire, because he was admired as Commander of the Canadian Corps at Vimy Ridge and had been chosen in direct consultation with the Canadian government. More formally, he was known as The Right Honourable Lord Julian Byng of Vimy, Governor-General of the Dominion of Canada. At the time the school opened, Lord Byng was the Governor General of Canada. [48], As a result of the success at Cambrai, Byng was made Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath in the 1919 New Year's Honours. In 1921, King George V, on the recommendation of Prime Minister David Lloyd George, appointed him to replace the Duke of Devonshire as Canada's governor general, a post he occupied until the Viscount Willingdon succeeded him in 1926. Byng refused because the motion was still under debate and, instead, requested the Opposition form a government under Arthur Meighen. [43], After three months serving as commander of the Cavalry Corps, beginning in May 1915, at which time he was also made a temporary lieutenant-general,[44] Byng was off to Gallipoli to head the IX Corps and supervise the successful British, Australian, and New Zealand forces withdrawal from the ill-fated campaign. The Lord Byng (1862-1935), who served as governor general from 1921 to 1926, was the last GG to openly defy a prime minister. In 1921, the Colonial Office in the United Kingdom proposed Byng as governor general of Canada after “a group of influential Canadians” recommended him. Home; Explore. Without interruption since the beginning of European settlement in Canada, a governor or governor general has been at the head of the country as the resident representative of the Crown. 55.2 grams. Jeffery Williams, born in Calgary, Alberta in 1920, is the recent recipient of the Governor- General's Literary Award for Non-fiction and the University of British Columbia's Canadian Biography Award for his highly acclaimed biography of the former Govener- General of canada, Lord Byng of Vimy, published in 1983. Sept 5, 1925 Visit to Bienfait by Governor General Lord Byng. [37] The posting was to be only a brief one, as, on 11 May 1905, Byng was made commander of the 2nd Cavalry Brigade at Canterbury, with the simultaneous temporary rank of brigadier general and substantive rank of colonel. Byng's greatest glory then came when he, along with his subordinate officer, the Canadian Major-General Arthur Currie, led the Canadian victory in April 1917 at the Battle of Vimy Ridge, an historic military milestone for the Dominion that inspired nationalism at home. FOR SALE! Prime Minister King requested that before any decision was made, Lord Byng consult the British government which he represented. Lady Byng was pleased with her husband’s appointment as governor general in 1921. Lord Byng and another man walk along and look at the camera. Lord Byng Secondary School is a public secondary school located in the West Point Grey neighbourhood on the west side of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The Liberals were returned to power with a clear majority and Mackenzie King as Prime Minister. The King–Byng Affair (sometimes referred to as the King–Byng Thing, the King–Byng Wing Ding, or the Constitutional Crisis (1926)) was a Canadian constitutional crisis that occurred in 1926, when the Governor General of Canada, the Lord Byng of Vimy, refused a request by his prime minister, William Lyon Mackenzie King, to dissolve parliament and call a general election. Thus, at the age of 17, Byng was instead sent into the militia and on 12 December 1879 commissioned as a second lieutenant into the 2nd (Edmonton) Royal Middlesex Rifles (later known as 7th Battalion King's Royal Rifle Corps). Description: English: Lord Byng of Vimy, Governor General of Canada… [14] The regiment then moved again in 1887 to the barracks at Hounslow, where, after suspecting that contractors were selling him inferior meat, Byng spent several early mornings at the Smithfield market to learn the meat trade, eventually proving his case and having the contractors changed. Lord Byng officially opened in 1925 and was named in honor of Julian Hedworth George Byng, the Lord Byng of Vimy, a hero of Vimy Ridge and the Governor General of Canada at the time. By 1916, he was given the command of the Canadian Army Corps. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Mackenzie King fired the Minister of Customs and promptly named him to the Senate, creating even more dismay among the members of the Progressive Party, who had already been withdrawing their support for the Liberal government. ; Lord Willingdon Is Mentioned as Next Governor General of Canada. Governor General Byng again refused, citing non-interference in Canadian affairs. Appointed by the Sovereign under the advice of the Prime Minister, the Governor General usually holds office for five years. On 27 Sept. 1926 King accompanied Byng to parliament and the Memorial Chamber of the Peace Tower, where the governor general laid the stone for the Altar of Remembrance. 7 October 1919 - 2 August 1921: General the Right Honourable the Lord Byng of Vimy 2 August 1921 - 5 August 1926: His Excellency General the Right Honourable the Lord Byng of Vimy, Governor General and Commander-in-Chief of the Militia and Naval and Air Forces of Canada Most of the rebels were then dispersed shortly after, and on 29 March the regiment re-embarked for Britain, arriving on 22 April, and proceeding to their new base at Shorncliffe Army Camp in Kent. Lord Byng took to his office enthusiastically, further entrenching many of the traditions established by his predecessors. The King-Byng Affair. To many veterans of the First World War, he was simply the hero of the Battle of Vimy Ridge – the general who led the Canadian Army to victory the first time all four of its corps fought together as one unit. John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir GCMG GCVO CH PC DL (/ ˈbʌxən /; 26 August 1875 – 11 February 1940) was a Scottish novelist, historian, and Unionist politician who served as Governor General of Canada, the 15th since Canadian Confederation. [25], In June 1917, and holding the temporary rank of general,[46] Byng took command of Britain's largest army, the Third Army, until the cessation of hostilities and, with those troops, at the First Battle of Cambrai, conducted the first surprise attack using tanks. Byng was appointed as the regimental adjutant on 20 October 1886,[13] only nine days before the death of his father, who left Byng a watch and £3,500. General Lord Byng L ord Byng was well-known to Canadians before his appointment as Governor General. Lord Lisgar was appointed Administrator of Canada from the time that Lord Monck left office in 1868 until he was sworn in as Governor General on February 2, 1869. Lord Byng served as Canada’s 12th Governor General since Confederation, from 1921 to 1926. There, he befriended individuals who would be his contemporaries when he attained senior rank in France. In 1926 he fired Prime Minister Mackenzie King (1874-1950) after King attempted to call an election that Byng considered unwarranted. By January 1904, Byng had also, while playing polo, broken his right elbow so severely that it was feared he would have to quit the Army. Download this stock image: Lord Byng of Vimy, Governor General of Canada (HS85 10 39171) - KDFH2F from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. At the time the school opened, Lord Byng was the Governor General of Canada. [49] In the United States, Byng's exploits during the First World War were commemorated near the town of Ada, Oklahoma, when in 1917 a post office and power plant were named after him, leading to the later emergence of the town of Byng. File:Lord Byng of Vimy, Governor General of Canada (HS85-10-39171).jpg. Lord Julian Byng ( new Governor-General in ceremonial uniform ) and Lady (Marie) Byng standing on deck of ship with soldiers (Canadian army ?) On leaving Canada on September 30, 1926, the Byng's returned to England with many close friendships they had established while serving Canada. [55] Mackenzie King, however, made much of the scenario and its outcome in the election that eventually followed on 14 September, in which King's Liberal Party won a plurality of seats in the House of Commons, while Meighen lost his seat. [58] Later that year, he was appointed as the Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police and,[59] before his retirement in 1931, introduced a number of changes to the force, including a system of promotion based on merit rather than length of service, improvement in discipline, retirement of inefficient senior officers, an irregularity to policemen's beats (which had previously allowed criminals to work out the system), police boxes, the extensive use of police cars, and a central radio control room. In his first year in office, the Red River rebellion began under Louis Riel. The following is a list of the governors and governors general of Canada. During this period, Byng also developed a liking … King-Byng Crisis a Canadian constitutional crisis that occurred in 1926, when the Governor General of Canada, the Lord Byng of Vimy, refused a request by his prime minister, William Lyon Mackenzie King, to dissolve parliament and call a general election. Jeffery Williams, born in Calgary, Alberta in 1920, is the recent recipient of the Governor- General's Literary Award for Non-fiction and the University of British Columbia's Canadian Biography Award for his highly acclaimed biography of the former Govener- General of canada, Lord Byng of Vimy, published in 1983. The most notable issue during Lord Byng's term of office was the "King-Byng Affair" – a political crisis that arose between the Governor General and Prime Minister Mackenzie King. According to Freeman Clowery, 50 gold, 305 silver, and 888 bronze medals were awarded. From 1921 to 1926, he served as Governor General of Canada. [25] Byng himself said of the matter: "I have to await the verdict of history to prove my having adopted a wrong course, and this I do with an easy conscience that, right or wrong, I have acted in the interests of Canada and implicated no one else in my decision. Lord Byng's appointment was less controversial than that of his predecessor, the Duke of Devonshire. He was also fond of the Royal Agricultural Winter Fair, held each year in Toronto, and established the Governor General's Cup to be presented at the competition. During the summer of 1884, Byng spent much of his time playing polo and training recruits and horses, and in July, for his services in Sudan, he was mentioned in despatches. His medals in gold, silver and bronze were struck by Goldsmiths & Silversmiths Co. Ltd. in England. Lord Byng served as Canada’s 12th Governor General since Confederation, from 1921 to 1926. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. LORD BYNG ON RETIRED LIST; Former Governor General of Canada Is 67 Years Old Today. He also broke with tradition and was the first Governor General to appoint Canadian aides-de-camp -- one of them was Georges Vanier, who later served as Governor General from 1959 - 1967. Mr. Meighen did so, but within a week lost a non-confidence vote in the House of Commons. Gen. Lord Byng. Lord Byng was well-known to Canadians before his appointment as Governor General. He then returned briefly to the United Kingdom to take leadership of the 3rd Cavalry Division before going with the British Expeditionary Force to France and the First Battle of Ypres. 7 October 1919 - 2 August 1921: General the Right Honourable the Lord Byng of Vimy 2 August 1921 - 5 August 1926: His Excellency General the Right Honourable the Lord Byng of Vimy, Governor General and Commander-in-Chief of the Militia and Naval and Air Forces of Canada Nevertheless, Byng was eventually chosen because he was both willing and available. Known to friends as "Bungo", Byng was born to a noble family at Wrotham Park in Hertfordshire, England and educated at Eton College, along with his brothers. [51] The next month, though he was offered the Southern Command, Byng retired from the military and moved to Thorpe Hall. One of those books is a biography of Lord Byng, who was governor-general from 1921 to 1926. Thus, at the age of 17, Byng was instead sent into the militia and on 12 December 1879 commissioned as a second lieutenant into the 2nd (Edmonton) Royal Middlesex Rifles (later known as 7th Battalion King's Royal Rifle Corps). They were known as Viscount and Viscountess Byng of Vimy from 1928. Lord Byng refused the request and the crisis began. He occupied that post until succeeded by Lord Byng of Vimy in 1921. Byng had not been Meighen's first choice for presentation to the King, since he preferred someone with more civilian credentials. The Lord Byng (1862-1935), who served as governor general from 1921 to 1926, was the last GG to openly defy a prime minister. He was the first Governor General of Canada to appoint Canadians as his aides-de-camp (one of whom was future Governor General Georges Vanier) and approached his viceregal role with enthusiasm, gaining popularity with Canadians on top of that received from the men he had commanded on the European battlefields. The school opened in 1925 and was named in honour of The Lord Byng of Vimy, a hero of Vimy Ridge as well as the Gallipoli Campaign, who was largely responsible for the incorporation of tanks on a large scale at the Battle of Cambrai in 1917. They were married on April 30, 1902, and had no children. Following his term as Governor General, Lord and Lady Byng returned to England where he was raised in the peerage as Viscount. Lord Byng most famously turned down a request from the prime minister of … Lord Byng is the seventh son of the second Karl of Stratford, and was horn September 11. Lord and Lady Byng also travelled more than any of their predecessors, making extended trips to western Canada and the North, taking the opportunity to meet with many Canadians. More formally, he was known as The Right Honourable Lord Julian Byng of Vimy, Governor-General of the Dominion of Canada. Lord Byng took to his office enthusiastically, further entrenching many of the traditions established by his predecessors. Counting on the support of the Progressive Party to overcome the Conservative minority, Mackenzie King, the Liberal Party leader, did not resign as Prime Minister and remained in power in the House of Commons until 1926. Montreal songwriter Jules Brazil wrote a welcome song in 1921 that began “Wh… The attack, which resulted in the deaths of both of Byng's squadron's other officers, was unsuccessful,[11] and fighting continued, with Byng's horse being killed under him on 13 March at the Battle of Tamai. Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Marquess of Willingdon GCSI GCMG GCIE GBE PC, was a British Liberal politician and administrator who served as Governor General of Canada, the 13th since Canadian Confederation, and as Viceroy and Governor-General of India, the country's 22nd. Governors General of Canada Since 1867. This was partly due to his popularity but also because he was appointed following direct consultation with the Canadian government. Traditionally, the position of Governor General had represented both the Sovereign (the King or Queen of Canada) and the British government, a situation that had evolved with Lord Byng's predecessors and the Canadian government as well as the Canadian people into a tradition of non-interference in Canadian political affairs. Since then, the rights of the Governor General have been clarified, and ultimately the Statute of Westminster was passed in 1931, … With three sons already in the army and another already put up for the 7th Queen's Own Hussars, Byng's father did not think he could afford a regular army commission for his youngest son. She died in 1949. History. In 1916, during the First World War, he took command of the Canadian Army Corps on the western front. Lord Byng officially opened in 1925 and was named in honor of Julian Hedworth George Byng, the Lord Byng of Vimy, a hero of Vimy Ridge and the Governor General of Canada at the time. He thus, in order to dedicate his time to preparatory studies, which continued when the regiment moved in 1891 to Ireland, resigned his commission as adjutant and turned down an invitation from Prince Albert Victor to join him in India as an equerry. Upon graduation, he received a commission as a militia officer and saw service in Egypt and Sudan before enrolling in the Staff College at Camberley. Byng accompanied Rowton around the poorest areas of the city and suggested that retired senior soldiers from the rank-and-file be hired to maintain order in the Rowton Houses that Rowton had set up, thus starting a long-lived tradition. [53], After Byng was made in July 1921 a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Michael and St. George, it was announced on 2 August that King George V had, by commission under the royal sign-manual and signet, approved the recommendation of his British prime minister, David Lloyd George, to appoint Byng as his representative in Canada. [54] The designation proved less controversial than his predecessor, the Duke of Devonshire, due partly to the General's popularity, but also because the practice of prior consultation with the Canadian prime minister, at that time Arthur Meighen, was revived. Then, a political scandal in the Ministry of Customs and Excise became public, and in Parliament the Conservative Party alleged that the corruption extended to the highest levels of government, including the Prime Minister. In 1925, Lady Byng presented a trophy to the National Hockey League, which, to this day, recognizes sportsmanship and excellence in play. [52] In April 1921, he unveiled the Chipping Barnet War Memorial, near to his family seat of Wrotham Park. Meritorious Service Decorations (Civil Division), Public Register of Arms, Flags and Badges of Canada, Request Birthday and Anniversary Greetings. Later, he commanded the 9th Army Corps in the ill-fated Dardanelles Campaign and supervised the withdrawal from the Straits. Politically, much was made of the 'Byng-King Crisis' during the election campaign. [36], In his first two years of marriage, Byng's wife suffered several miscarriages, resulting in the declaration that she would be unable to bear children. Ross. On June 14, 1926, Canada’s governor general, Lord Byng of Vimy, arrived at Bonaventure Station with Lady Byng for a farewell visit. In 1916 he was appointed governor general of Canada by King George V, on the recommendation of Prime Minister H. H. Asquith, to replace Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, as viceroy. Upon hearing that Byng had not yet found a permanent career, the Prince offered a place for him in his own regiment, the 10th Royal Hussars. Lord Byng had worked to represent the interest of Canadians as much as possible, and despite the political crisis, did leave a much-respected man. Keep exploring with these topics: George. BYNG OF VIMY Ridge WW1 Governor General Canada Jeffery Williams London Police - $15.99. Various shots of the race as they speed around the course. Lord Byng Secondary School is a public secondary school located in the West Point Grey neighbourhood on the west side of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Facing a non-confidence motion in Parliament in 1926, Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King asked Governor General Lord Julian Byng of Vimy to dissolve Parliament and call an election. [26], Byng was deployed in November 1899 to South Africa, where he was to act as a provost marshal,[27] but was instead immediately given the local rank of lieutenant colonel and tasked with raising and commanding the South African Light Horse during the Second Boer War. Play As During his travels across the country throughout his term of office, he was enthusiastically greeted by the men he had led. Lord Byng also reviewed members of the local militia, the boy scouts and girl guides in City Park before returning to the station and embarking on his train. (courtesy Library and Archives Canada/PA-051594) The Lady Byng Trophy Lady Byng enjoyed attending hockey games during her time as viceregal consort and took skating lessons herself. 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