If your local fish store doesn’t have them, you can pick them up online. So grab the book and a cup of coffee and learn to breed the Berghia nudibranch for both fun and profit! Kindly, Anthony> Candy Cane Coral: Caulastrea furcata, a great beginner LPS coral species, Lawnmower Blenny Aquarium Care: Salarias fasciatus, Yellow Tang: Caring for this saltwater fish in a reef tank. I by no means recommend trying to exterminate Amphipods, which is possible. Now the breeding of nudibranchs themselves can be something of a challenge, sometimes requiring much labor on the part of the aquarist. The average price now is between $12 and $15 per nudibranch. Manual control on the part of the aquarist is another option. It is a bit ironic to me, but if you have any other aiptasia-predators in the tank, they will also very likely be nudibranch hunters as well. I spend about a total of 5-10 minutes a week maintaining my nudibranch cultures. In fact, they won’t even eat Majano anemones (a close cousin of the aiptasia). ... Berghia Nudibranchs as … Plus, if you’re like most of us, you may be looking for a more natural way to fight this pest in your tank. We breed Berghia Nudibranchs. I would like to breed them in my 35 gal refugium to eat the Aiptasia in my 100 gal reef tank. This method has left me plenty more free time, and many less culture crashes. Those words sum up the essence of why the Berghia Nudibranch, Berghia stephanieae, is so popular in the aquarium hobby. Especially because you wouldn’t need to add both if the much more readily available peppermint shrimp just did their job in the first place. The two sites specializing in selling Berghia nudibranchs recommend no less than 6 per tank (in any size tank) and otherwise approximately 1 for every 10-12 gallons of aquarium volume. benjamin.caruso@gmail.com. Here is an interesting fact–did you know that Berghia nudibranchs store up the undigested stinging cells (nematocysts) in the pouches on their back? And for those who direct feed their LPS (Large Polyp Stony) corals, peppermint shrimp can be a nuisance as they love to steal the food directly from the mouths of coral. Here are some pictures of just one of the #breeding tanks I have for the #Berghia #stephanieae #nudibranchs. Berghia agari smallwood 1910. Depending on the size of your tank and the density of your anemone problem, that could seriously happen, which is why the retailers will recommend you place them very gently right near a targeted prey or area with some anemones. These are located in Leominster, MA. I used the versa-top style glass aquarium lid to reduce evaporation. I originally tried using small culture containers floated in a larger aquarium, but after two weeks 50 hours and 100 water changes I quickly changed approach. They do however enjoy eating berghia and will therefore need to be removed from the tank before you add the sea slugs. When I got back I went to clean the tank out and saw dozens of baby slugs. Because Berghia nudibranch’s need a constant supply of aiptasia anemones to survive, they may not be in stock at your local fish store. Berghia need each other to Hunt, Feed & Breed. Step 1: Equilibrate the temperature with your tank, slowly, by floating the container in your display tank or sump for ~10-20 minutes, Step 2: Using a Drip acclimator, and a gravity drip, start dripping water into the container (about 6-10 drips per second) for about an hour, in total, Step 3: Manually place the nudibranchs on a rock adjacent to aiptasia. Learn more about caring for the peppermint shrimp here. Berghiabase is … These proceed to eat every single egg cluster. In one tank where I left only eggs behind, months went by after hatching and I was minutes away from cleaning the tank out, but something came up and I had to wait until after the weekend. If your tank reaches plague proportions, you would have to quit your day job, if you wanted to eliminate them from your tank. Nudibranchs are hermaphroditic, thus have a set of reproductive organs for both sexes, but they cannot fertilize themselves. If you want to continue to learn more about other common aquarium pests, check out these other articles: Or check out this video to learn more about the Berghia nudibranchs. Their backs are covered with tiny tassels called cerata. The Berghia nudibranch is a small nudibranch that is commonly kept in aquariums to control Aiptasia, a type of pest anemone. I then supplied ample amounts of Aiptasia from my systems. Re:Breeding Journal, Species: Berghia verrucicornis (Aiptasia eating Berghia Nudibranch / Sea Slug) Friday, February 05, 2010 10:52 PM Amphipods can be predators of eggs, juvenile nudibranchs, and even adults, so rearing should be in amphipod-free tanks. But I suppose seeing a bunch of Berghia swimming around would send a negative message to shoppers. I do have one system that one year after the elimination of Aiptasia is only now showing a very few new anemones. I find the need for water changes minimal due to this. $20.00 ©2009. The eggs are generally laid in a spiral pattern in an ‘out-of-the-way’ location. They will only eat aiptasia anemones. One mistake I initially made was adding rocks full of Aiptasia. Drawbacks include the large amounts of time needed to do this work, and often pieces of the anemone’s base tissue survive and grow more anemones. After all, how did you get the aiptasia in your tank, to begin with? That means you need to have lots of eggs and sea slug babies. The majority of saltwater aquarium fish will not eat Berghia nudibranchs, but there are several species that will. Berghia nudibranchs will not harm corals or other invertebrates. So if you end up in a situation with a seemingly bare tank, save a few Aiptasia, just wait, and wait. I wanted to order 5 of these nudibranch for my 50G custom tank. So many more juvenile nudibranchs are on their way. 244 likes. This is probably due to the fact that it takes a generation or two of Berghia , to reach critical mass, and when they do, there is a lot. Copyright 2009-2020 SaltwaterAquariumBlog.com. Adding Control 2 the mix. If you have a Melanurus wrasse, six-line wrasse, Aiptasia-eating filefish, or a long-nose hawkfish, you may want to think twice about adding them to your tank, since the Berghia will be a nice little appetizer for them. Detritus will build up over time and excess can be siphoned out. The key is to add only Aiptasia to the Berghia tanks. This method of culturing nudibranchs seems to take as long as 3 months or more for the larvae to settle out. They often come into the trade malnourished and disease ridden. I picked up some Berghia from @Dan-sf a couple weeks ago, and from @The_Lazy_Reefer this morning. Berghia only eat Aiptasia and is commonly sold to control Aiptasia If you for some reason want to actively keep and care for Aiptasia you will find it to a be a very easy and hardy anemone. Many times an aquarist has to go through half a dozen or so until they get one healthy enough to survive (that doesn’t count all the fish that don’t make it out of the store, or out of the wholesalers). If you have one, you have a Berghia Nudibranch. There are several means for control, but none is 100% successful. Copperband butterfly fish are also used for Aiptasia control, yet they too have their drawbacks. The Berghia Nudibranch is a small invertebrate naturally found in the Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean and Mediterranean seas. After doing this new eggs were seen within days and the life cycle could be completed. Reefs.com is the world's leading destination for sustainable coral reef farming and the aquarium hobby. Aiptasia are the bane to most every reef aquarist. In addition to my 10g Aiptasia grow-out tank I already showed, I have started a 2.7g Berghia breeding tank with 2g water, heater, air pump, and small filter sponge for bacteria on the air line. See if you can figure out which is which: “The book is great…..a little long on the introduction but the following information, articles, and descriptions are great!” -Paul. $10.00. One major obstacle is price. It is very common that your Berghia nudibranchs will disappear shortly after being added to your tank. We recommends at least 1 Berghia per 10 gallons, but NEVER less than 3 Medium Berghia. You can start a breeding colony with just a few individuals. You can continue to keep a small culture of Berghia going with minimal work, or garner favor with your fellow clubbers or reefing friends by giving them your surplus in exchange for Berghia from them in the future. “…little useful information. By Jessica A. Goodheart, Adam L. Bazinet, Allen G. Collins, Michael P. Cummings [CC BY 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons. A breeding Berghia nudibranch lays eggs once every few days (1-3 or 1-4). Berghia nudibranch will find all the Aiptasia in the tank. I’ve been breeding these guys for almost two years now, yet for the some of that time I was reluctant to recommend their use since I myself wasn’t sure they were a reliable means of Aiptasia control. Berghia Coerulescens Por Luis Angel Diaz Alvarez Sea Slug Zodiac Tumblr Animals Berghia need each other to hunt feed breed. This may not seem so bad, however at recommended stocking levels this can get expensive. The eggs take about 2-weeks to hatch under normal aquarium temperatures. Berghia are non-toxic to corals and fish and are considered to be completely reef safe. This allows the Berghia nudibranch to increase their colony size relatively in order to deal with large Aiptasia anemone infestations. The original population is likely insufficient to eradicate the anemone pests, but it is when you have established future generations of the sea slug that you will reach a level where elimination can be obtained. If you have space for two 10 gallon tanks you could do quite well. I feel that in aquaria Amphipods will not usually hunt down adults, since they have many other easier food sources, but this can’t be ruled out. In is the most commonly kept and sold sea slug in America. I guess it’s an eat aiptasia or be eaten world in the ocean. Justin Credabel is president of the 501(c)3 non-profit Applied Sustainable Aquaculture Inc. and Resident Scholar at the Science and Technology Magnet High School of Southeastern Connecticut, where he runs the wet lab and coral aquaculture program, including the Coral Bank. Almost all sold specimens are bred in captivity. There should be little production of nitrate, due to the small amount of actual protein being cycled through the system, since anemones are mostly water. Berghia need each other to Hunt, Feed & Breed. I recommend acquiring 4 or more nudibranchs, just in case a few meet their untimely demise. In order to start more cultures I simply take slugs from one tank, take 1/3 to half the water, add aged system water to both tanks to make up the difference (make sure there are no hitchhikers such as Amphipods or mysid shrimps). How many Berghia nudibranchs do you need per tank? Your email address will not be published. If you are seriously interested in breeding these sea slugs, there is a book you can get: Although, I do caution you to read some of the reviews. Peppermint shrimp, added to tanks because of their taste for aiptasia flesh, also eat Berghia nudibranchs, which seems ironic to me. This site participates in the Amazon Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees at no additional direct cost to you by linking to some products on Amazon.com. They are sexually mature (and therefore able to reproduce) at about 1/2-inch in length and grow to a full adult size of about 1 1/2-inches in total length. Adding the predatory nudi’s to your tank will not be an overnight success. We ship the largest adult Berghia nudibranchs we have available. His new video “Fragilicious” can be seen on Youtube at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jgbH04g6mXs. culture containers floated in a larger aquarium, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jgbH04g6mXs, Reef Breeders Photon V2+ LED Light: The Definitive Review, Fauna Marin’s ICP Analysis now Available for Direct Shopping, The Ice Storm Clownfish is the “Next Gen” Snow Storm. This is exactly why they are popularly added to our tanks as a natural way to control aiptasia. Georgie